Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is classed as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism refers to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth. Most of what we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood – it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies.
A man with diabetes has a condition in which the amount of glucose in the blood is excessively raised (hyperglycemia). This is on the grounds that the body either does not deliver enough insulin, creates no insulin, or has cells that don’t react legitimately to the insulin the pancreas produces. This outcomes in an excessive amount of glucose working up in the blood. This abundance blood glucose inevitably goes out of the body in pee. Along these lines, despite the fact that the blood has a lot of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their fundamental vitality and development necessities.
It is also very difficult to control diabetes due to following reasons ;
Eye complications – glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and some others.
Foot complications – neuropathy, ulcers, and sometimes gangrene which may require that the foot be amputated
Skin complications – people with diabetes are more susceptible to skin infections and skin disorders
Heart problems – such as ischemic heart disease, when the blood supply to the heart muscle is diminished
Hypertension – common in people with diabetes, which can raise the risk of kidney disease, eye problems, heart attack and stroke
Mental health – uncontrolled diabetes raises the risk of suffering from depression, anxiety and some other mental disorders
Hearing loss – diabetes patients have a higher risk of developing hearing problems
Gum disease – there is a much higher prevalence of gum disease among diabetes patients
Gastroparesis – the muscles of the stomach stop working properly
HHNS – blood glucose levels shoot up too high, and there are no ketones present in the blood or urine. It is an emergency condition.
Nephropathy – uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to kidney disease
PAD (peripheral arterial disease) – symptoms may include pain in the leg, tingling and sometimes problems walking properly
Stroke – if blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood glucose levels are not controlled, the risk of stroke increases significantly
Erectile dysfunction – male impotence.
Infections – people with badly controlled diabetes are much more susceptible to infections
Healing of wounds – cuts and lesions take much longer to heal